Artificial Intelligence (AI) is set to have a huge impact on the labour market. However, the exact effects of the introduction of AI are still being debated as it is still unclear whether jobs created will outweigh the number of jobs that will become redundant. The one thing that is certain is that legislation needs to be introduced to regulate the use of AI, and reskilling needs to take place on an enormous scale to adapt to the changing nature of the labour market. The use of AI raises multaiple ethical questions regarding discrimination and equal opportunity that have not been addressed in European legislation. In addition, 44% of European citizens aged 16-74 lack basic digital skills, which are desperately needed to function in an increasingly digital world.
The EU has slowly started adapting to the developments surrounding AI, introducing a general strategy to help develop AI, retrain the European workforce, and protect workers’ rights. However, concrete plans are still mostly lacking, and the competences of the EU limit their ability to influence the course of the European labour market and the education of its workforce because the decisions of the EU regarding education and employment policy do not have to be directly adopted by Member States.