Motion for a Resolution by
The Committee on Human Rights [DROI]
#Fundamental rights and statelessness: With an estimated 600,000 stateless individuals living in Europe today, how should Member States ensure the protection of their fundamental rights and access to health care and other basic needs such as shelter and food during the COVID-19 pandemic?Submitted by: Carla Sava (RO, Chairperson)
The European Youth Parliament,
- Alarmed by the fact that 600,000 individuals in Europe are currently not recognized as nationals by any State,
- Recognising that the legal definition of statelessness is changeable,
- Further recognising that the categories of de facto1 and de jure2 statelessness do not cover all current cases of statelessness,
- Noting with deep regret that stateless people in Europe and elsewhere face human rights violations in the form of:
- Gravely concerned by the low social status of stateless people in Europe, caused by exploitation, marginalisation and discrimination,
- Further concerned that marginalisation, discrimination and stigmatisation of stateless persons have increased during the COVID-19 pandemic,
- Fully alarmed that 15 Member States lack mechanisms to achieve facilitated naturalisation of stateless individuals due to not having an established statelessness determination procedure,
- Deploring that 12 Member States have not acceded to the 1954 UNHCR Convention on the Status of Stateless People3,
- Bearing in mind that signatory countries have expressed reservations regarding several obligations included in the UNHCR Conventions,
- Conscious that data on statelessness is unreliable as a result of a lack of birth registration systems along with other identification methods for statelessness,
- Regretting that numerous stateless people and those at risk of statelessness have limited access to healthcare and social services during the COVID-19 pandemic;
- De facto stateless are those who have no “effective” nationality meaning they are not recognized as citizens by any State even if they have a claim to citizenship under the laws of one or more States.
- De jure statelessness refers to stateless people who have no legal nationality, meaning they are not recognized as citizens under the laws of any State.
- The 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons is a UN multilateral treaty providing a definition of statelessness and guaranteeing a set of minimum standards for their treatment.